Pelvic Pain: Symptoms, Causes, & Possible Treatment Methods
Symptomatic pain that occurs in the area of the lowest part of your abdomen and pelvis is considered pelvic pain. The diagnosis and treatment of pelvic pain can be difficult as symptoms may be result of musculoskeletal sources or other multiple contributing factors.
Many conditions can lead to pelvic pain, such as complications with the bladder, reproductive organs, or spinal conditions. Pelvic pain could be the result of an STD causing discomfort and detracting from a patient’s quality of life. In some cases, the pain can be resolved with the aid of antibiotics, but in adverse conditions, surgical intervention may be needed.
What are the Symptoms of Pelvic Pain?
Alleviating the symptoms of this condition may not be easy. Understanding the underlying cause and taking proper steps can help minimize the pain. Common symptoms of pelvic pain syndrome are:
Pain while urinating
Discomfort in the perineal area
Pain during walking or running
Severe pain during ejaculation
Severe pain in abdomen or back
Difficulty in controlling, or starting, the urine stream
Pain in the structures of the pelvic floor
What are the Different Causes of Pelvic Pain?
Causes of chronic pelvic pain are still clearly not understood. Research shows pain could be caused due to psychological problems or emotional stress, which can result in the tightening of the muscles in the affected area.
The pain might also be caused by bacterial infection. People who suffer from pelvic chronic pain may develop depression and anxiety, especially when doctors are unable to find the cause of the pain or if the treatment is unsuccessful.
How is pelvic pain diagnosed?
To determine the cause of pelvic pain, the physician will ask several questions about the patient’s symptoms and past medical history. He/she will perform a physical exam and may order blood work to help rule out infections or STDs. For women, a pregnancy test will be ordered.
The physician may order abdominal and pelvic X-rays as well as a bone density screening. Diagnostic imaging tests such as laparoscopy, lower endoscopy, or a hysteroscopy may be ordered for real-time imaging. An ultrasound or CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis may also be required.
How to treat Pelvic Pain?
Treatment of this condition revolves around relieving the pelvic pain symptoms which, in turn, can improve the overall quality of life. There are several over-the-counter pain relievers available on the market that can help maintain the patient’s level of comfort. Proper counseling from a doctor’s perspective is also required to cope with the pain and suggest different pain management strategies.
Women may benefit from a physical therapist consultation, anti-inflammatory medication, and hormonal therapy. In more extreme circumstances, hysterectomy may be recommended.
According to the CDC, chronic pelvic pain was responsible for up to 10% of all gynecological visits. Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) also accounted for up to 30% of all laparoscopic procedures in adults.
Medication management may provide relief from pelvic pain. Superior hypogastric plexus block procedures have been shown to provide excellent relief for many types of pelvic pain. The procedure is low risk, outpatient, and is successful in 70% of patients for all types of pelvic pain conditions.
The block provides reductions in pain averaging 50% and the opiate needs for pelvic pain usually drop about 40%.
30% of women with chronic pelvic pain have already had a hysterectomy.
Can lifestyle changes help pelvic pain?
People with severe pelvic pain are advised to make some changes in their daily lifestyle. Patients may consider spending at least one hour working out in the gym and abstain from spicy food.
They should incorporate high-fiber foods in their daily diet and drink a lot of water to prevent constipation and keep the body hydrated. Patients are also advised to refrain from caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine. Patients should eat a balanced diet and quit smoking to improve the flow of blood in the body, resulting in nourishing healthy oxygenation. Working with their physician on a plan of treatment is the best preventive medicine.
If you or a loved one is suffering from Pelvic Pain and would like the best San Antonio pelvic pain management, contact Texas Pain Network today. The practice has a Double Board Certified pain management doctor accepting over 50 insurance plans at multiple locations.
Call (210) 202-4030 for more information and scheduling!