26 Nov Pain Management In Children
Children can also suffer from chronic pain and they too should receive the best pain management possible. A special team of pediatric pain doctors and other pediatric health care professionals will work together to create a pain management plan that is balanced safely providing relief from pain. The pain management will usually involve both drug therapy and non-drug therapy. It is important to make sure that parents are always involved in the care plan of their children. It’s also important that parents report back on how well the current pain management program is working.
The younger the children the harder it is to determine just how much pain the child is in. For example, infants cannot tell you how much pain they are in and the only clues can be either their constant crying or their lethargy. Once children are talking, you can get a better idea of how much pain the child is in.
Causes of Pain in Children
There are all kinds of reasons why children are in pain. Some of the most common reasons for chronic pain in children include:
• Injury as a result of an accident (auto, sports, other)
• Soreness after surgery
• Nerve damage
• Discomfort from tubes and other medical procedures
• Growing pains
• Abdominal pain
• Chronic musculoskeletal pain
Each child will have their own custom pain management protocol. The biggest problem is that chronic pain in children is poorly recognized and this creates a real challenge for families.
Pain Management for Your Children
The pain management team should work together to reduce your child’s pain and in the best case scenario eliminate that pain. Pain management involves the use of pain medicines such as injecting lidocaine to the pain area, anesthetic cream, acetaminophen and NSAIDs. When stronger medicines are necessary, your pain management team can choose to give your child opioids. These are used when the pain is moderate to severe. They can be given orally or by IV. Sometimes opioids are combined with NSAIDs to get the maximum benefit for your child.
When your child comes home, you will be given a complete set of instructions for the pain management of your child. If you have any questions, you should call your doctor or your pharmacist. If you find the medication is suddenly no longer working, it is important that you reach out to your doctor so you’re your child can once again have an adequate pain management protocol.
It is important that children are not suffering but because they are not always able to express their pain in a manner that reflects their true pain level, it is important to have a pediatric team assess their pain levels and create a pain management protocol that’s appropriate. Whether your child is an infant, a toddler, pre-school, pre-teen, or a teenager a pain management protocol can be created to meet their age and needs using medications and other treatments such as chiropractor, massage therapy, physiotherapy, exercise, medication, stress reduction, acupuncture, biofeedback and other therapies.